10 MUST-HAVE Restoration Tools
(Words and Photos: Jon Hill, Classic Ford Magazine, October 2015 issue - Edited by Frost Auto)
Repairing rotten bodywork? These are the best tools to make the job easier.
Joining panels edge to edge involves precise cutting out, coupled with practise and technique to weld them together; avoiding distortion and buckling metal. But there’s a much easier way, using a joggling tool, which puts a step into the panel you’re joining; the thickness of the piece you’re letting in – allowing the new metal to sit flush whilst, strengthening the joint minimising distortion. Use with seam welding or plug welding.
Product mentioned: Joggler (No Hole Punch)
2. Hole Punch Set
Plug welding is great for replicating spot welds and for creating relatively quick joints minimising distortion, where two pieces lap over each other. What required is drilling a system of holes around 4-6 mm diameter in one piece so you can spot-MIG weld to the other. But it’s a pain drilling them – easier, is a hole punch, which can be combined with a joggler – better are the air powered versions, which quickly punch the holes out.
3. Shrinking Disc or Shrinking Hammer
Shrinking hammer - An interesting idea but does it work? We took a sample along to professional restoration workshops and they immediately placed their orders.
"The only shrinking hammer I’ve tried that actually works." was the comment of one experienced body man.
The spirally milled face of the hammer is mounted with vulcanised rubber against an angled adaptor. Upon impact the head grips the surface and twists causing the metal to shrink.
This unique tool will prove to be a boon to anyone in panel forming or repair.
Product mentioned: Spiral Shrinking Hammer
4. Vice-mounted V-brake
Folding sheet metal cleanly is hard unless you have the right tools – see metal folder…
Really handy’s a V-brake-a pointed former, that pushes into another of the corresponding shape and, according to the profile, allows you to make certain sections; the most common of which is a 90-degree bend. And one of the handiest and cheapest is the small vice-mounted devices that stick to the jaws with magnets. Fantastic for making up small brackets…
Product mentioned: Brake Die Vice Mount Set
Stretched and shrunken metal’s the cause of all dents and damage – getting them out’s where the skill lies. But you can make them work to your advantage – on right-angle sections, shrink/stretch one side and it’ll curve either way, allowing you to make for example a wheel arch lip. But deliberately shrinking/stretching is hard unless you have a purpose made tool. Using a set of jaws for each, the shapes you can create are unreal!
Product mentioned: Shrinker / Stretcher
6. Bench-mounted metal folder
Restoration’s about forming sheet metal – there will be a time when you want to bend a lip on a large sheet. You can do it with vice-mounted bending bars combined with a body hammer but you do risk hammer marks, which can look ugly if it’s in a facing piece. The answer to an extent is bench mounted folder, which cleanly forms the profile – they’re great and relatively cheap, but they can be limited in use.
Product mentioned: Sheet Metal Folder Vice Mounting
7. Hammer and dolly set
The staple diet of restoration, a good body hammer and several profiles of dollies are invaluable. You’ll find the one you use most is a toe dolly, but keep it clean and rust free, as like the face of your body hammer, if it’s covered in crap, it’ll transfer the contamination to the work in the form of annoying small dents. We could go on about these tools for ever but buy the best you can and practise.
Product mentioned: Hammer and Dolly Set - Fiberglass Handles (7 pieces)
8. Tin Shear
When it comes to sheers, I find traditional is best – aviation sheers and me aren’t friends – I prefer a good set of Gilbows. They come in straight and angled left and right, big and small and you’ll find the size you need in use – sometimes, you just have to plunge in! Keep them sharp and they’ll be the same as scissors slicing through sheet steel like cardboard.
Product mentioned: Gilbow Shears 12" Straight
9. Cutting Discs (1mm)
One of the tools you’ll have in your hands always is an angle grinder as they’re so versatile. But, the traditional cutting and grinding discs are massively thick removing a whopping great chunk of metal. You can be delicate with a cutting disc if you use the thinnest you can – usually about 1 mm thick. Buy the best you can and they’ll last but you’ll find you can cut precise slices where you couldn’t before.
Product mentioned: Extra Thin Cutting Blades (Pack of 10)
You don’t have to spend money on tools – sometime the cheapest item is the most useful. Thick card – around 0.5–0.6mm – is brilliant for forming shapes and sticking them together; making profiles before you waste precious sheet steel. I often make the lot in card; joining it together with either tabs and glue or more likely, masking tape; so that, once you’ve established the form, you can unpick it and transfer it to steel!
Note: To punch and flare holes similar to those in the picture, use the round hole punch followed by the matching hole flare (F10X). Just pick the size for your need and produce a stiff and professional result.